Gingivectomy is the removal of excess gum tissue due to disease or other factors such as orthodontic treatment. It is done to provide better access for teeth cleaning and to reduce the pocket to prevent the progress of gum disease. There are certain medications that can cause a condition called gingival hyperplasia, patient’s taking these medications may need to undergo this procedure.
It is not unusual for orthodontic patients to need very small amounts of gum tissue removed in association with their orthodontic treatment. In some cases, gum tissue must be removed (a.k.a. gingivectomy) prior to bonding the braces to the teeth because not enough of the crowns of the teeth are exposed to place the braces. More frequently, gingivectomy is performed following the orthodontic alignment of teeth as a final step in producing the “perfect smile.”